The modern city of Trabzon is the largest port along the Black Sea coast, and at beginning of Caucassia and Iran transit road. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, there has been an influx of traders from the CIS, especially neighbouring Georgia, and the city is becoming more cosmopolitan.
Trabzon is probably best remembered from the classic novel, The Towers of Trebizond, and many earlier pieces of travel literature, although little remains of the romanticised image of exotic culture and architecture. One of the highlights is Aya Sofia, the medieval church with outstanding Byzantine frescoes, the Russian Market and the old houses and mosques dotted around the town. Trabzon is a good transport hub from which to explore the Black Sea region.
Don't Leave Without
- Exploring Trabzon castle, lying between the sea to the hills and the best protected structure of the region,
- Visiting the 19th century Atatürk palace, a gift from Trabzon,
- Seeing Fatih (Irena) Tower,
- Visiting the area during the Plateau festivals, from the first Sunday May until the end of August,
- Making a trip to Sumela Monastery,
- Feasting on savoy cabbage, kayana and Hamsiköy rice pudding,
- Visiting Uzungöl,
- Tasting trout with butter, and sampling the unique dishes of the Black Sea